Ait Ben Haddou (Berber: Ath Benhaddou) is a walled city, or ksar, along the former caravan route between the Sahara and Marrakech in Morocco today.
Most citizens living in the region now live in more modern housing in a nearby village, but there are four families who still live in the ancient city. This giant fortification, which has six kasbahs and ksours which are nearly fifty individuals kasbah, is an excellent example of the clay earthen architecture. Located in the foothills of the southern slopes of the High Atlas in Ouarzazate province, the site of Ait Ben Haddou Ksar is the most famous in the Valley Ounila.
Ksar of Ait Ben Haddou is a striking example of South Moroccan architecture. The Ksar is an essentially collective group of housing. Inside the defensive walls reinforced by corner towers and pierced by a baffle gate houses regroup - some modest, others look like small urban castles with their high towers corner and upper sections decorated patterns in clay brick - but there are also community buildings and areas. It is an extraordinary complex of buildings that offer a complete panorama of construction techniques in pre-Saharan land. Older buildings do not seem to be prior to the 17th century, although their structure and technique were propagated from a very early period in the valleys of southern Morocco. The site was also one of the many trading posts on the ancient trade route linking Sudan to Marrakech by the Dra valley and the Tizi-n'Telouet.

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Architecturally, residential areas form a compact group, closed and suspended. Community areas include a mosque of the Ksar, a public square, grain threshing areas outside the city walls, a fortress and a loft above the village, a caravanserai, two cemeteries (Muslim and Jewish) and the Sanctuary Saint Sidi Ali or Amer.